In some areas of Alaska there is
24 hours of daylight
Alaska is HUGE!
We are 2 times the size of Texas (Tallest in North America)
- We have 29 volcanoes
- 586,400 Square Miles
- 33,000 miles of coastline!
- 1,400 miles North to South
- 2,700 miles East to West
- Over 1/2 the world's Glaciers
- 55 miles east of Russia
- We are the only state to have coastlines on three different seas.
Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea.
- Record high temperature: 1915 +100 oF
- Record low temperature: Tanana -78 oF
- High tides of 37 feet
- Snow: 24 hours; 62 inches
1 year; 974 inches (Thompson Alaska, near Valdez).
- State Motto: North to the future.
- State Flower: Forget-me-not.
The plant grows well in most of Alaska's varied climate.
- State Bird: Alaska Willow Ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus alascensis Swarth)
It can change it's color from light brown to snow white. The willow ptarmigan was named Alaska's state bird in 1955.
- State Tree: Sitka spruce (picea sitchenensis)
The evergreen is found throughout the southeastern and central areas of Alaska.
- State Marine Mammal: Bowhead whale
- State Fish: King salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
King salmon weighing up to 100 lb. have been caught in Alaska. The king salmon is also known as the chinook salmon and is a popular sport fish. It became the state fish in 1962.
- State Sport: Dog Mushing
It once was the primary form of transportation in most of Alaska. Today dog sled racing is a popular winter sport. It was adopted as the state sport in 1972.
- Kodiak Bear; 1,400 pounds, 11 feet tall
- Polar Bear; 1,400 pounds, 11 feet tall
- Grizzly Bear (Brown Bear); 800 pounds, 9 feet tall
- Moose; 1,350 pounds, 5 feet high to shoulder
Antlers span; 72 inches
Mount Denali: 20,320 feet
- Foraker - 17,400 feet
- Bona - 16,500 feet
- Blackburn - 16,390 feet
- Sanford - 16,237 feet
- Vancouver - 15,700 feet
- Churchhill - 15,638 feet
- Fairweather - 15,300 feet
- Hubbard - 15,015 feet
- Bear - 14,831
- Purchased from Russia in 1867 for under 2 cents an acre.
- State Gem: Jade
Alaska has a large deposit of jade, including an big mountain filled with dark green jade on the Seward Peninsula.
- State Mineral: Gold
The search for gold played a major role in shaping the history of Alaska, from the discovery of gold in Juneau to the great gold rush at Nome. Gold was named the state mineral in 1968.
- State Insect: Four spot skimmer dragonfly
- Kodiak - 3,588 square miles
- Prince of Wales - 2,770 square miles
- Chichagof - 2,062 square miles
- Iliamna - 1,000 square miles
- Becharof - 458 square miles
- Teshekpuk - 315 square miles
- Naknek - 242 square miles
- Yukon - Total of 2,300 miles, 1,875 in Alaska